What Does A Heat Pump Do?
Although they may look exactly the same on the outside, an air conditioner and a heat pump are two completely different pieces of equipment. If you are looking for maximum energy efficiency, a heat pump may be the option for you. Specifically made for milder climates, a heat pump utilizes the heat indoors as well as the outside air to both heat and cool your home all year round.
Cold Winter Months
During the cold winter months, a heat pump will take any warmth in the air outside and transfer it into your home via refrigerant lines. Effectively, you are transferring heat from outdoors to indoors.
Keep in mind that once temperatures drop below 32 degrees Fahrenheit, your heat pump may struggle to heat your home efficiently so you will need to use your back up heat source whether that be a gas or electric furnace.
Hot Summer Months
During the warmer summer months, you heat pump will work in reverse of how it operates during the winter. This is made possible through a refrigerant “reversing valve” that standard air conditioners do not have.
Heat from inside your home will be collected at the indoor coil and transferred to the outside unit to be dispersed into the air. This is the same way that a standard air conditioner cools your home as well.
Because a heat pump system can both heat and cool your home, you can expect to pay more for one vs a standard ac unit or furnace. The upfront cost may be worth it based on the energy savings you will see on your utility bills.